COVID-19, the Coronavirus pandemic in graphics: the new cases per day updated to October 23, 2020

This is a page illustrating the evolution of the Covid-19, or Coronavirus, 2020 pandemic in European countries (Austria, Belgium, Czechia, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Luxemburg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom).
We also follow Covid in several countries of Asia (China, Japan, South Korea, Taiwan), in the Pacific Ocean (Australia, New Zealand), in North America (United States and Canada), and in Africa (Angola, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, and South Africa).

Since 21 January 2020, the graphics made use of the data from the World Health Organization new cases daily figures published on their web site (https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/situation-reports). Since August 17, the WHO has switched from daily to weekly reports. I have thus since then been using the daily information from the Worldometers.info web site.

The start point for all graphics is 3 February, 2020, and they are listed according to the date of the first recorded case at the WHO. It is then easy to compare the life of each national epidemic episode of the world pandemic. They are up to date to 23 October, 2020. Regular updates are planned every few days to follow the curve in every country (once a week ?).


Transmission electron microscopic image of an isolate from the first
U.S. case of COVID-19, formerly known as 2019-nCoV. The
spherical viral particles, colorized blue, contain cross-section through
the viral genome, seen as black dots.
(source: CDC/ Hannah A Bullock; Azaibi Tamin)

The graphics are created using Microsoft Excel and Adobe Photoshop, they are imported in html using CoffeeCup HTML Editor, then uploaded to a Paris (France) server with the help of Core FTP LE.

I consider a national epidemic low level following the first peak of daily new cases when the numbers come down to 10% of this peak. A very low level of new cases is when it is down to only 5% of the preceding peak.


Wash hands: keep washing your hands regularly - Cover face: wear a face covering in enclosed spaces - Make space: stay at least 2 metres apart - or 1 metre with a face covering or other precautions
WESTERN EUROPE, Population: 329 millions & the UNITED STATES, Population: 328.2 millions
Western Europe (partial) with only the United Kingdom, Ireland, Germany, Italy, Spain and France.

These countries were chosen because they are part of western Europe, connected by their borders, and their overall population equals the United States.

During the first coronavirus wave of March-April 2020, in Europe, unlocking people waited until the curve of new cases was going firmly downward.
In the United States, the unlocking procedure started without waiting for this, explaining the higher number of daily new cases and deaths.

On October 22, the six European countries followed here had over 113,000 new daily cases (113,543) due to their second coronavirus wave, whilst the USA had more than 74,000 (74,301)!


ASIA and PACIFIC:

CHINA, Population: 1,393 millions. First official case: before 22 January 2020; start of the epidemic: before 22 January; first peak: 5 February (3893 daily new cases).
The very low number of new daily cases, suggests they are not all reported.

SOUTH KOREA, Population: 51.6 millions. First official case: 20 January; start of the epidemic: 19 February; first peak: 3 March (600 daily new cases); low level (60 cases): 6 April; very low level (30 cases): 13 April; second wave: 12 August; second peak: 27 August (441 daily new cases); low level (44 cases): ? not yet reached; very low level (22 cases): ? not yet reached.

JAPAN, Population: 126.5 millions. First official case: 20 January; start of the epidemic: 25 March; first peak: 12 April (743 daily new cases); low level (74 cases): 16 May; very low level (37 cases): 23 May; start of the second wave: 13 June; second peak: 8 August (1624 daily new cases); second low level (162 cases): ? not yet reached; second very low level (81 cases): ? not yet reached.

TAIWAN, Population: 23.8 millions. First official case: 21 January; start of the epidemic: 14 March; first peak: 20 March (27 daily new cases); low level (3 cases): 7 April; very low level (1 case): ? not yet reached.

AUSTRALIA, Population: 25.0 millions. First official case: 25 January; start of the epidemic: 4 March; first peak: 28 March (650 daily new cases); low level (65 cases): 12 April; very low level (32 cases): 20 April; start of the second wave: 26 June; second peak: 6 August (715 daily new cases); second low level (71 cases): 7 September; second very low level (35 cases): 21 September.

NEW ZEALAND, Population: 4.9 millions. First official case: 28 February; start of the epidemic: 19 March; first peak: 25 March (87 daily new cases); low level (9 cases): 20 April; very low level (5 cases): 28 April.


NORTH AMERICA:

UNITED STATES, Population: 328.2 millions. First official case: 23 January; start of the epidemic: 17 March; first peak: 11 April (35386 daily new cases); second peak: 24 July (78009 daily new cases); low level (3538 cases, from first peak) and very low level (1769 cases, from first peak): ? not yet reached.

CANADA, Population: 37.6 millions. First official case: 27 January; start of the epidemic: 13 March; first peak: 22 April (1991 new daily cases); low level (199 cases) and very low level (99 cases): ? not yet reached.


EUROPE:

FRANCE, Population: 67.0 millions. First official case: 25 January 2020; start of the epidemic: 28 February; first peak: 4 April (5209 daily new cases); low level (520 cases): 16 May; very low level (260 cases): ? not yet reached; start of the second wave: 17 July.

GERMANY, Population: 83.0 millions. First official case: 28 January 2020; start of the first epidemic: 5 March; peak of the first epidemic: 28 March (6294 daily new cases); low level (629 cases): 24 May; very low level: (314 cases): ? not yet reached.

FINLAND, Population: 5.5 millions. First official case 30 January 2020; start of the epidemic: 13 March; first peak: 5 April (267 daily new cases); low level (27 cases): 2 June; very low level (13 cases): 16 June.

ITALY, Population: 60.3 millions. First official case 31 January 2020; start of the first epidemic: 3 March; first peak: 22 March (6557 daily new cases); low level (655 cases): 22 May; very low level (327 cases): 2 June.

SPAIN, Population: 46.9 millions. First official case 1 February; start of the first epidemic: 3 March; first peak: 1 April (9222 cases); low level (922 cases): 10 May; very low level (461 cases): 1 June.

SWEDEN, Population: 10.2 millions. First official case: 1 February; start of the epidemic: 4 March; first peak: 25 April (812 cases); low level (81 cases): ? not yet reached.

UNITED KINGDOM, Population: 66.6 millions. First official case: 1 February; start of the first epidemic: 5 March; first peak: 20 April (5850 daily new cases); low level (585 cases): 6 July; very low level (292 cases): ? not yet reached.

BELGIUM, Population: 11.4 millions. First official case: 5 February; start of the epidemic: 13 March; first peak: 29 March (1850 new daily cases); low level (185 cases): 2 June; very low level (92 cases): ? not yet reached.

SWITZERLAND, Population: 8.6 millions. First official case: 26 February; start of the epidemic: 5 March; first peak: 28 March (1390 new daily cases); low level (139 cases): 2 May; very low level (69 cases): 6 May.

AUSTRIA, Population: 8.8 millions. First official case: 26 February; start of the epidemic: 5 March; first peak: 27 March (1141 daily new cases); low level (114 cases): 19 April; very low level (57 cases): 22 May.

DENMARK, Population: 5.6 millions. First official case: 27 February; start of the epidemic: 10 March; first peak: 8 April (390 daily new cases); low level (39 cases): 1 June; very low level (19 cases): 8 July.

NORWAY, Population: 5.4 millions. First official case: 27 February; start of the epidemic: 5 March; first peak: 28 March (425 daily new cases); low level (42 cases): 9 May; very low level (21 cases): 4 July.

NETHERLANDS, Population: 17.3 millions. First official case: 28 February; start of the epidemic: 4 March; first peak: 11 April (1335 daily new cases); low level (133 cases): 18 June; very low level (67 cases): 7 July.

IRELAND, Population: 4.9 millions. First official case: 1 March; start of the epidemic: 11 March; first peak: 14 April (992 daily new cases); low level (99 cases): 17 May; very low level (49 cases): 3 June.

CZECHIA, Population: 10.6 millions. First official case: 2 March; start of the epidemic: 11 March; first peak: 27 March (408 daily new cases); low (204 cases) and very low level (102 cases): ? not yet reached.

ICELAND, Population: 0.36 million. First official case: 2 March; start of the epidemic: 15 March; first peak: 26 March (89 cases); low level (9 cases): 21 April; very low level (4 cases): 24 April.

PORTUGAL, Population: 10.3 millions. First official case: 3 March; start of the epidemic: 14 March; first peak: 1 April (1035 daily new cases); low level (103 cases) and very low level (51 cases): ? not yet reached.

LUXEMBURG, Population: 0.6 million. First official case: 7 March; start of the epidemic: 17 March; first peak: 25 March (191 daily new cases); low level (19 daily new cases): 1 May; very low level (10 cases): 21 May.


AFRICA:

SOUTH AFRICA, Population: 57.8 millions. First official case: 6 March; start of the epidemic: 24 March; first peak: 10 July (13674 daily new cases); low level (1367 cases): 26 September; very low level (683 cases): not yet reached.